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What is PAR, and is it useful for grow lights?

  • Categories:Industry News
  • Author:Fiona Lau
  • Origin:
  • Time of issue:2021-11-17 14:24
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(Summary description)Photosynthetic Active Radiation (PAR) designates the spectrum or range of colors of light from 400 to 700 nanometers that plants are able to use for photosynthesis.

What is PAR, and is it useful for grow lights?

(Summary description)Photosynthetic Active Radiation (PAR) designates the spectrum or range of colors of light from 400 to 700 nanometers that plants are able to use for photosynthesis.

  • Categories:Industry News
  • Author:Fiona Lau
  • Origin:
  • Time of issue:2021-11-17 14:24
  • Views:
Information

What is PAR, and is it useful for grow lights?

 

Photosynthetic Active Radiation (PAR) designates the spectrum or range of colors of light from 400 to 700 nanometers that plants are able to use for photosynthesis. PAR measurements are usually expressed as photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD) in units of μmol m-2s-1 -- how many micromoles of photons (602,214,150,000,000,000 photons) within the PAR wavelengths of 400nm-700nm that go through 1-square-meter each second, though most devices that measure PAR do it only at a single point, rather than over a whole square meter.

 

PAR can also be expressed as a total photon flux (PPF) which counts all photons in the PAR range that leave a light fixture or bulb. This can be misleading depending on how it is actually measured.

There are important caveats, but in general, the higher the PPFD measurement a light has over its entire growing footprint, the better it will grow plants. Too much PAR (too much light) is wasteful and can even damage plants, although this is almost never a problem with artificial grow lighting.

More fundamentally, PAR lighting measurements do not account for the relative usefulness of particular wavelengths to the plant-- leaves' preferential absorption of different spectra (colors) mean some photons are more useful to the plant than others, even within the PAR range. For example, plant leaves reflect much of the green light that hits them-- much of it is not used by the plant, but this is right in the middle of the PAR spectrum at 495nm-570nm. In addition, plants require many spectra to perform well, although a light with a single color can have the same PAR measurement as a multi-spectrum light. Just having a high PAR value doesn't indicate that a light will grow plants well; the spectrum must also be considered.

PAR also assumes that all photons outside of the 400nm-700nm range have no use in photosynthesis or for overall plant health. However, plants do use light outside of PAR, such as far-red light above 700nm which increases photosynthetic efficiency (due to the Emerson effect) and for hormone regulation. UV light (below 400nm) increases canopy penetration and secondary metabolites such as vitamins, terpenes, THC and CBD.

PAR measurements can vary significantly within the lighting footprint of a light, so any single PPFD measurement is uninformative as to how the light will grow plants. For example, a laser can focus all of its light onto a PPFD-measuring instrument and have an incredible PAR value, but this doesn't mean it will grow plants well.

 

Most of our grow light PAR are ranged 400~730nm, which named full specturm. Sutiable for all the growing stage for plants.

 

Also we have the professional R&D team can help to deisgn the special spectrum depends on our customers’ requirement. Such adding the UV and IR light to enric#h the light performance. Kindly conatct us for any ODM&OEM service.

 

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